Biliary surgery in the dog and cat
Surgery of the biliary system is uncommonly performed in the dog and cat, but the commonly indicated techniques should be familiar to the small animal practitioner. The most important are cholecystectomy and cholecystoduodenostomy and this article focuses on the indications for these, together with their application. Although minimally invasive and interventional radiological techniques are becoming established as alternatives to open surgery for some of these patients, they will not be discussed here as they are currently rarely used.
All our Tutored Online CPD Courses are written and taught by an expert in the relevant field. The tutor for this course is:
Alasdair Hotston Moore MA VetMB CertSAC CertVR Cert-SAS CertMedEd MRCVS