Nursing Paediatric and Geriatric Patients
This course will look at various different aspects, and considerations, for our young and old patients. We will review the organ system changes that we see in these patients, and look at how we can make their hospitalisation less stressful. We will also review anaesthesia of these patients, particularly relevant in geriatrics who make up a large percentage of our patients undergoing procedures.
The course consists of the following modules:
Module 1: Emergency care of neonates and paediatric patients
This first module will focus on neonates and paediatric patients, and will look at all aspects of their care right from resuscitation following cesarean section along with the normal development of neonates. Neonatal emergencies and how to deal with them effectively, causes of neonatal death and tips for nursing and weaning young puppies will also be covered.
Module 2: Anaesthesia of paediatric patients
Pediatric patients, especially those in the neonatal stage, present a unique challenge to the anaesthetist. Organ systems are continually maturing throughout the first several months of life and can be impacted by a variety of factors. Understanding some of the physiologic differences between the pediatric and adult patient allows the anesthetist to tailor anesthetic protocols to the individual pediatric patient. This session will look at changes in major organ systems and how these can impact on anaesthesia choices, along with guidelines for creating a balanced anaesthetic/analgesic plan for paediatric patients.
Module 3: Nursing Considerations for Geriatric Patients
The continued advancement of medical knowledge manifested in the availability of more sophisticated diagnostic testing, advances in specialised nutrition, and newer therapeutic options, along with education regarding early warning signs of disease and routine screening for age-related disease has better positioned veterinary professionals to treat age-related problems and provide the high-quality health care these owners are demanding. These factors have led to practices having more elderly patients admitted into their care. This session will look at considerations for admission into the clinic, including gaining useful information from clients, the major organ system changes and the impact this can have on geriatric patient health as well as overall nursing care to make their stay in the clinic less stressful.
Module 4: Anaesthesia of Geriatric Patients
It has been suggested that around 30% of the veterinary population is geriatric. Many of these animals will require anaesthesia for dental care, diagnostic or surgical procedures. There is a wide species and breed variation in lifespan, therefore there is not one specific age which can define ‘geriatric’. Instead, the term is normally used to define those animals who have reached 75-80% of their expected lifespan. Factors influencing the ageing process include breed, size, genetics, nutrition and environment. This module will look at all aspects of anaesthesia including pain management, positioning of patients, potential complications along with drugs used for premedication as well as induction and maintenance of anaesthesia.
Module 5: Continuous Rate Infusions – why, when and how?
Drugs used in veterinary practice are increasingly commonly being administed as continuous rate infusions (CRIs). In order to carry this out effectively it is essential that nurses have a good understanding of how the individual medications work, any potential drug interactions, and the dosages that are commonly used. Calculation of the CRIs is also a vital role, and many of these drugs are titratable, so again a sound understanding of dosages is essential for safe administration. In all patients implementing a pain plan is vitally important and the use of multimodal CRIs can make a huge difference in terms of reducing volatile agent use, and as a result minimising side effects, such as hypotension. Geriatrics are also at increased risk of requiring blood pressure support, so the use of these agents will be discussed.
Vet CPD Online Tutored Courses take approximately 8 hours to complete and can be completed at your own pace and at any time over the course’s 3-week period. There are downloadable course notes and clinical cases to work through, plus – what makes our courses unique – a busy clinical forum where questions and answers are posted and where delegates have access to the instructor for the duration of the course. This always generates some lively discussions and the idea that no one should leave a course with any unanswered questions.
At the end of the course there is a final exam plus a Certificate of Completion for your CPD records.
All our Tutored Online CPD Courses are written and taught by an expert in the relevant field. The tutor for this course is:
Louise O’Dwyer MBA BSc (Hons), VTS (Anesthesia & Analgesia & ECC), Dip AVN (Medical & Surgical) RVN