Neuro-Ophthalmology - The Approach to Horner’s Syndrome
Horner’s syndrome presents with several clinical signs (miosis, enophthalmos, upper eyelid ptosis and protrusion of the third eyelid) secondary to the loss of sympathetic innervation to the eye. Horner’s syndrome is classified as first, second or third order, according to where the lesion is located within the neurological pathway. This article reviews the neurological pathway, the clinical signs and causes, as well as, the different steps needed for the diagnosis of Horner’s syndrome.
All our Tutored Online CPD Courses are written and taught by an expert in the relevant field. The tutors for this course are:
Roser Tetas DVM MSc DipECVO MRCVS
Jesus Diaz Bujan MRCVS